Apportionment/Allocation

STATE TAX KNOWLEDGE UPDATE (53 ITEMS) - AUGUST 3, 2018

The following are state tax and business developments I have curated since July 3rd, and posted in the LEVERAGE SALT LinkedIn group:

Some of the items may be on the same state/issue/topic, but they are from different sources which may give you a broader perspective to help your company or client.

  1. New Jersey Closes Loophole, Increases Multi-Millionaires Rate

  2. Alabama Announces Guidance in Response to Wayfair Decision

  3. Michigan Provides Further Guidance on Impact of Federal Act

  4. Remote Sellers Will Have Wisconsin Tax Duties Beginning October 1

  5. Indiana Updates Remote Seller Guidance

  6. Indiana Explains Income Taxes on Overseas Earnings

  7. Enacted Louisiana law addresses the timing of expiring corporate income tax provisions

  8. California OTA Issues Updated Draft of Proposed Permanent Regulations on Administration and Procedures of Appeals and Petitions for Rehearing

  9. Indiana DOR Bulletin Discusses Recently Enacted Legislation, Including State Impact of IRC Sec. 965 Repatriation Provisions, GILTI, and IRC Sec. 163(j)

  10. Maine Revenue Services Explains Procedures for Filing and/or Amending Returns Given State’s Nonconformity to Recent Federal Tax Law Changes

  11. Pennsylvania: Bulletin Reflects New Law Reversing DOR’s Previous Policy by Allowing for Depreciation of 100% Bonus Property

  12. New Jersey: New Law Requires Amnesty Program with Potential Waiver of 100% Penalties and 50% Interest

  13. Massachusetts Appellate Tax Board Holds that Taxpayer is a “Manufacturer” Required to Compute its Corporate Excise Tax Liability Using Single Sales Factor Apportionment

  14. New Jersey: New Law Includes Mandatory Combined Reporting Regime, Market-Sourcing Provisions, CBT Surtax, and Responses to Some Provisions of the Federal 2017 Tax Act

  15. New York: Appellate Court Affirms Tax Appeals Tribunal Ruling Addressing Bank’s Treatment of NOLs

  16. Vermont: New Law Updates State Conformity to Internal Revenue Code; Responds to Some Provisions of the Federal 2017 Tax Act

  17. Georgia DOR Explains Exclusion for Dividends from Sources Outside the US, Including Application of IRC Sec. 965 Provisions

  18. North Carolina: New Law Modifies Sourcing Language for Receipts from Intangibles for Sales Factor Purposes

  19. Oregon DOR Issues Administrative Rule on New State Repatriation Tax Credit Pursuant to IRC Sec. 965 Repatriation Income for Tax Year 2017

  20. Connecticut Issues GILTI Guidance

  21. North Carolina Changes Intangible Property Sourcing Rules

  22. MTC Adopts Apportionment Regulation Amendments

  23. Delaware Imposes Tax on Series LLCs

  24. Utah Enacts Deferred Foreign Income Changes

  25. Florida DOR Holds that Taxpayer May Include Certain Intercompany Sales with Foreign Affiliates in its Sales Factor

  26. New Jersey Division of Taxation Explains Upcoming Amnesty Program with Potential Waiver of Penalties, Reduced Interest, and Non-Participation Penalties

  27. Alaska: New Law Requires Public Utilities to Use MTC Three-Factor Apportionment Formula for Corporate Income Tax Purposes

  28. Connecticut: New Guidance Issued on Treatment of GILTI for Corporation Business Tax Purposes

  29. Minnesota DOR Discusses How 2017 Federal Tax Act May Affect Business Tax Returns for Tax Year 2018

  30. Rhode Island DOT Comments on Some State Tax Impacts of the Federal 2017 Tax Act

  31. Utah: New Law Clarifies Previously Enacted Legislation Involving IRC Sec. 965 Deferred Foreign Income, and Revises NOL Provisions

  32. Rhode Island Adopts C Corp IRC Sec. 965 Regulations

  33. California Taxpayer Cannot Force Retailer to Seek Sales Tax Refund

  34. Minnesota Hosting SST Meeting to Discuss Wayfair

  35. Maryland Issues Wayfair Guidance

  36. Indiana Wayfair FAQ Page Talks Enforcement

  37. SST Meets to Discuss Wayfair

  38. Texas Provides Guidance on Wayfair Decision

  39. Wayfair Decision Does Not Affect Rhode Island Remote Sellers

  40. Minnesota Sets Remote Collection Date

  41. Indiana Explains Impact of Wayfair

  42. Nebraska Issues Guidance for Remote Sellers

  43. Utah Enacts Economic Nexus Law

  44. Alabama Explains Impact of Federal Tax Cuts and Jobs Act

  45. Michigan Issues Sales Tax Economic Nexus Guidelines

  46. MTC Adopts Two Amended Model Rules Pursuant to Section 18 Alternative Apportionment Regulatory Project

  47. Alabama DOR Issues Preliminary Guidance on Some State Impacts of the Federal 2017 Tax Act

  48. Delaware: New Law Imposes Annual Tax on State-Registered Series LLCs

  49. Michigan Appellate Court Affirms Disallowance of MBT Modified Gross Receipts Tax Base Deduction for Purchased Services

  50. Vermont Department of Taxation Issues Certain Guidance on Federal 2017 Tax Act, Specifically the Inclusion of IRC 965 Income on State Returns

  51. Arkansas DFA Says Remote Sellers Should Register and Collect Tax Pursuant to Recent US Supreme Court Decision that Overrules Quill

  52. Kentucky DOR Updates Post- Wayfair Comments; Announces October 1 Enforcement Date and Reiterates Prospective Implementation

  53. Nebraska DOR Comments on Recent US Supreme Court Decision that Overrules Quill, Including January 1, 2019 Enforcement Date and Promise of “No Retroactivity”

The above represents 'general curating' of state tax developments into one spot. If you still feel overwhelmed by the volume of state tax developments, please consider my 'custom curating' service. Meaning, clients hire LEVERAGE SALT to daily curate state tax developments relating to a specific industry, state(s), tax type and issueYou can make it as granular as you prefer. This allows you to reduce information overload, and only get the information you need to help your clients or company. This service is provided on a fixed-fee or subscription basis. Contact me at strahle@leveragesalt.com.

STATE TAX KNOWLEDGE UPDATE (59 ITEMS) - JUNE 11, 2018

The following are state tax and business developments I have curated since May 22nd, and posted in the LEVERAGE SALT LinkedIn group:

Some of the items may be on the same state/issue/topic, but they are from different sources which may give you a broader perspective to help your company or client.

  1. California proposes to amend entity classification rules; comments due June 26

  2. Delaware qui tam case against gift card retailers moves forward

  3. Colorado Market-Based Sourcing Legislation Goes to Governor

  4. California Launches Online Directory of Business Incentives

  5. Tennessee Decouples From Business Interest Deduction Limit

  6. Louisiana Governor Proposes Tax Cuts, Elimination of Deductions

  7. Minnesota Governor Vetoes Omnibus Tax Legislation

  8. Missouri Lawmakers Approve Corporate Rate Cut, Apportionment Changes

  9. 2018 State Tax Amnesty Programs (as of 5 25 18)

  10. California FTB holds interested parties meeting regarding significant proposed revisions to its market-based sourcing rules

  11. The SALT Deduction Limit: The IRS Responds to State Workarounds

  12. Online Travel Companies Are Not Liable for Local California Hotel Tax

  13. Hawaii Use Tax Held Constitutional

  14. TaxDay becomes official MLB Players Association partner

  15. IRS Discusses Certain Payments Made in Exchange for State and Local Tax Credits

  16. California FTB Provides TY 2017 Filing Guidance Regarding IRC Section 965 Repatriation Transition Tax

  17. New Louisiana Law Revises Due Date for Filing Corporate Franchise Tax Returns

  18. Maine Revenue Services Comments that Amended Returns May be Necessary Given State Nonconformity to Recent Federal Tax Law Changes

  19. Michigan Appellate Court Affirms that Holding Company Lacks Requisite Nexus for City of Detroit Income Tax Purposes

  20. New Jersey Appellate Court Affirms Lower Court Decision Involving Unreasonable Exception to CBT Intercompany Expense Addback Rule

  21. New Tennessee Law Includes Delayed Decoupling from New Business Interest Limitations under IRC Sec. 163(j)

  22. Hawaii State High Court Upholds Validity of Use Taxation Scheme on Purchases from Out-of-State Sellers

  23. Washington DOR Advisory Explains that Retailer’s Enhanced Delivery Services May Create Nexus

  24. Corporate Close-Up: No More Passing Through In Connecticut and New York?

  25. Georgia Property Tax Appeal Thresholds Decreased

  26. Delaware Creates Angel Investor Credit

  27. Georgia Creates Additional High-Technology Exemption

  28. Governor Signs Iowa Sales and Use, Excise Tax Reform Legislation

  29. Iowa Enacts Major Income Tax Reform

  30. Connecticut Enacts Pass-Through Entity Income Tax

  31. Montana Adopts Pass-Through Entity Apportionment Rules

  32. Connecticut enacts responses to federal tax reform

  33. California FTB Now Permitting Taxpayers to Make Oral Presentations in Staff-Initiated Alternative Apportionment Proposals

  34. Michigan Department of Treasury Issues New Bulletin on UBG Including Control and Relationship Tests

  35. Pennsylvania DOR Issues Ruling on New Law that Imposes Information Reporting and Notice Requirements

  36. New York Tax Appeals Tribunal Reverses ALJ to Hold that Taxpayer’s Transactions Must be Aggregated and Thus Subject to Tax

  37. Enacted Kentucky Legislation Provides for Mandatory Combined Reporting for Unitary Businesses and Additional Sales Tax Changes

  38. Alabama DOR Issues Guidance Regarding IRC Section 965 Deemed Repatriation Impact on Taxpayers

  39. Iowa enacts significant income tax and sales tax changes

  40. Legislative Session Review: Iowa

  41. Oregon's research credit sunsets - Opportunities for 2017 tax year

  42. Missouri reduces rate, adopts single factor and market sourcing, more

  43. LINK TO IOWA TAX REFORM WEBSITE CREATED BY IOWA DOR

  44. Iowa Governor Signs Tax Reform & Conformity Bill

  45. Wayfair Debated at Georgetown SALT Conference

  46. State Impacts of TCJA Analyzed at Georgetown Conference

  47. Missouri Enacts Corporate Tax Rate Cut and Apportionment Changes

  48. Sales Thresholds Trigger Sales Tax Nexus in Illinois

  49. Michigan Updates Unitary Business Group Guidance

  50. Colorado Enacts Market-Based Sourcing

  51. Connecticut Explains Repatriation Transition Tax Reporting

  52. New Colorado Law Imposes Market-Based Sourcing Provisions for Certain Receipts from Services and Intangibles

  53. New Connecticut Law Makes Various Changes in Response to Federal 2017 Tax Act

  54. Kentucky DOR Explains New Law that Includes Mandatory Unitary Combined Reporting Regime and Market-Based Sourcing

  55. Michigan Department of Treasury Comments on Federal 2017 Tax Act

  56. Montana DOR Issues New Regulations on the Apportionment and Allocation of Income Reported by Pass-Through Entities

  57. New Illinois Law Imposes Remote Seller Tax Collection and Remittance Responsibilities via Economic Nexus Provisions

  58. New Iowa Law Imposes Economic Nexus

  59. Recent Idaho Law Amendments Provide Income Tax Rate Reductions and Amend IRC Conformity

The above represents 'general curating' of state tax developments into one spot. If you still feel overwhelmed by the volume of state tax developments, please consider my 'custom curating' service. Meaning, clients hire LEVERAGE SALT to daily curate state tax developments relating to a specific industry, state(s), tax type and issueYou can make it as granular as you prefer. This allows you to reduce information overload, and only get the information you need to help your clients or company. This service is provided on a fixed-fee or subscription basis. Contact me at strahle@leveragesalt.com.

7 Questions Companies & State Governments Should Consider

  1. If alternative apportionment is wide open and anything goes, why have statutes?

  2. Are we moving from apportionment to allocation when we use single-sales factor apportionment and market-based sourcing?

  3. Is single-sales factor apportionment 'fair apportionment'? It moves income to customer states, not to states where the activities occurred that generated the income. Income is not based solely on sales.

  4. Are throwback and throwout rules unconstitutional because they look beyond the borders of the state?

  5. Should states be able to enact retroactive legislation to protect the state budget from financial loss?

  6. Should retroactive legislation be limited to a state's statute of limitations?

  7. Should judicial decisions only apply to the taxpayer involved in the litigation if it involves a refund?

STATE TAX KNOWLEDGE UPDATE (59 ITEMS) - May 22, 2018

The following are state tax and business developments I have curated since May 2nd, and posted in the LEVERAGE SALT LinkedIn group:

Some of the items may be on the same state/issue/topic, but they are from different sources which may give you a broader perspective to help your company or client.

  1. Wisconsin Explains Reconciliation with Federal Consolidated Returns

  2. Preview of the share image State Sales Tax Shakeup

  3. Indiana Offers Voluntary Disclosure Initiative for Out-of-State Retailers

  4. Kentucky Requires IRC Sec. 199A Addback, Restores Credits

  5. South Dakota Provides Guidance on Foreign Dividend Recapture

  6. MTC Section 18 Alternative Apportionment Regulatory Project Moves Forward with Two Proposed Model Rules - Draft Model Use Tax Reporting Statute Also Advances

  7. Alabama DOR Issues Guidance on IRC Sec 965 Transition Tax Impact on State Tax Returns

  8. California FTB Moves Forward with New Draft Proposed Amendments to Market-Based Sourcing Regulation

  9. Florida DOR Issues Guidance on IRC Sec 965 Transition Tax Impact on State Corporate Tax Returns

  10. New Kentucky Law Imposes Mandatory Unitary Combined Reporting Regime

  11. Ohio Supreme Court Holds in Taxpayer Favor Regarding Credit Computation for Pre-CAT NOLs

  12. Oregon DOR Issues Proposed Administrative Rule on New State Repatriation Tax Credit Pursuant to IRC Sec 965 Repatriation Income for Tax Year 2017

  13. Growing Number of State Sales Tax Jurisdictions Makes South Dakota v. Wayfair That Much More Imperative

  14. Oklahoma Allows Transition Tax Installment Payment Election

  15. Tax Reform Task Force Names Income Tax Proposals for Further Study

  16. California OTA Readopts Emergency Rules on Administration and Procedures of Appeals and Petitions for Rehearing

  17. Focusing the Lens on Film Credits

  18. Indiana DOR Offers Special Limited-Time VDI for Out-of-State Online Retailers with In-State Inventory

  19. New Georgia Law Addresses Federal Partnership Audit Regime Changes and How to Report Adjustments for State Purposes

  20. Taxpayer Asks US Supreme Court to Review 2017 Pennsylvania Supreme Court Ruling on NOL Carryovers

  21. South Dakota DOR Discusses Federal Tax Law Changes Relating to Foreign Dividend Recapture and Potential Impact for State Bank Tax Purposes

  22. Texas Comptroller Issues Franchise Tax Ruling on Whether Proceeds from Certain Hedging Transactions Are Included in Apportionment Factor

  23. Alabama DOR Discusses New Law Requiring Certain Marketplace Facilitators to Collect and Remit Tax

  24. New Georgia Law Requires Some Remote Sellers to Collect and Remit Tax or Else Adhere to Information Reporting Requirements

  25. California FTB Issues Final Report on California’s Conformity to 2017 Federal Income Tax Changes

  26. State and Local Tax Technology Checklist (Techlist)

  27. TWIST - This Week in State Tax

  28. Georgia Expands “Dealer,” Adds Use Tax Notice Requirement

  29. Alabama Opens for Amnesty Applications on July 1

  30. Connecticut Legislature Approves Pass-Through Entity Tax

  31. Legislative Session Review: Georgia

  32. California May 18 meeting on changes to market based sourcing rules

  33. Connecticut Requires Bonus Depreciation, Sec. 179 Adjustments

  34. IRC Conformity Bill Goes to Hawaii Governor

  35. Indiana Special Session Considers IRC Conformity

  36. North Carolina Proposes Income Tax Rate Changes

  37. Legislative Session Review: Kansas

  38. Indiana Enacts IRC Conformity Bill

  39. Indiana Revises Corporate Income Tax Rate Calculation and Credit

  40. Massachusetts Provides Estimated Tax Penalty Relief for IRC Sec. 965 Income

  41. Oklahoma Creates New Credits for Vehicle Manufacturing Industry

  42. “One Maryland” Credit Revised

  43. Maryland Retains Personal Exemptions

  44. Alabama DOR Reminds that 2018 Amnesty Program Begins July 1

  45. Kentucky Claims Commission Amends Rules Related to Tax Appeals Procedures

  46. Alabama DOR Issues Amended Rules on NOL Carryforwards and Revised Filing Due Dates

  47. Updated Connecticut Administrative Guidance Discusses Treatment of IRC Sec 965 Federal Repatriation Transition Tax

  48. New Indiana Law Updates State Conformity to IRC

  49. Massachusetts DOR Issues Release on Estimated Tax Penalty Relief for Corporations Affected by Transition Tax on Deferred Foreign Earnings

  50. New Oklahoma Law Permits Electing Federal Transition Tax Installment Payers to Elect Similar Payment Scheme for State Purposes

  51. Pennsylvania DOR Announces that 2017 State Supreme Court Ruling on NOL Carryovers Will Not Be Applied to Earlier Years

  52. City of Seattle Poised to Impose an Employee Hours Tax on Some Businesses

  53. Alabama Tribunal Judge Denies DOR Motion to Stay in Online Retailer Legal Challenge of Economic Presence Rule for Out-of-State Sellers Making Threshold Sales into Alabama

  54. New York eyes UBT in response to federal tax reform

  55. Pennsylvania Clarifies Caps for NOL Calculations

  56. California Requires Return Adjustments for Sec. 965 Amounts

  57. Minnesota Legislature Passes IRC Conformity, Rate Reductions

  58. Friday Tax Reform: States Issue Guidance, Waive Penalties for Foreign Income

  59. Corporate Close-Up: Indiana Latest State to Respond to Federal Tax Reform

The above represents 'general curating' of state tax developments into one spot. If you still feel overwhelmed by the volume of state tax developments, please consider my 'custom curating' service. Meaning, clients hire LEVERAGE SALT to daily curate state tax developments relating to a specific industry, state(s), tax type and issueYou can make it as granular as you prefer. This allows you to reduce information overload, and only get the information you need to help your clients or company. This service is provided on a fixed-fee or subscription basis. Contact me at strahle@leveragesalt.com.

Will You Have Pie Leftover?

Scenario #1 - you start with a pie. You give some away. Then you give it all away. Then someone comes along and asks for some. They don't care that you gave it all away already. They want some. You scrape the pie pan and give them some. This continues to happen until it feels like you gave 2 pies away.

Scenario #2 - you start with a pie.  You give some away. Then you give what you think is all of it, but somehow you end up with 2 pieces left. No one comes calling. You have pie leftover.

Both scenarios can happen to a company when filing state income tax returns due to the lack of uniformity among states in filing methodologies, income sourcing, and apportionment methods. This year, states are passing legislation that is not only responding to federal tax reform, but also changing each of these areas for some states. 

Companies should monitor state tax legislation and model out the changes to determine how their income tax liability will shift from state to state. 

The question is - will you have pie leftover or will it feel like you have given 2 pies away when you only had one to begin with?

STATE TAX KNOWLEDGE UPDATE (54 ITEMS) - APRIL 11, 2018

The following are state tax and business developments I have curated since March 13th, and posted in the LEVERAGE SALT LinkedIn group:

Some of the items may be on the same state/issue/topic, but they are from different sources which may give you a broader perspective to help your company or client.

  1. Idaho Enacts Tax Reform Legislation

  2. Washington Revises Nexus Rules

  3. California Issues Notice Regarding Processing Docketed Protests

  4. Vermont Gives Income Tax Nexus Examples

  5. Wyoming Exempts Cryptocurrencies

  6. New Idaho Law Generally Updates State Conformity to IRC and Selectively Updates Conformity to Some Federal Tax Code Provisions and Decouples from Others

  7. Idaho State Tax Commission Grants Taxpayer Request for Use of Alternative Apportionment Method on Gain from Sale of LLC Interest

  8. North Carolina DOR Explains Classification as a Holding Company for Franchise Tax Purposes and Qualifying for 150K USD Tax Liability Cap

  9. Receipts from Service Contracts Must be Sourced In-State for CAT Purposes Because Underlying Property Tied to Services is Located in Ohio

  10. Vermont Department of Taxes Issues Nexus Bulletin Including List of Nexus-Creating Activities

  11. Case Challenging Economic Presence Administrative Rule is On Hold Pending the Outcome of US Supreme Court Litigation Involving Quill Physical Presence Standard in Tennessee

  12. Washington DOR Issues Regulatory Amendments Reflecting 2017 Legislation that Expands Business and Occupation Tax Economic Nexus Provisions

  13. State Tax Reform Opportunities and Challenges: The STAR Partnership

  14. Business Income Tax Collections FF(3.19.2018)

  15. Emergency Regulations Adopted for Appeals From CDTFA

  16. Preliminary CA Report on IRC Conformity Revised

  17. New York Allows Withdrawal of Group Election in Some Cases

  18. California Releases Summary of 2017 Federal Legislation

  19. Utah Enacts Tax Rate Cuts, Single Sales Factor Apportionment

  20. Florida Enacts IRC Conformity, Rate Reduction

  21. Virginia Court Confirms “Subject to Tax” Exception Decision

  22. Individual Income Insights: Highlights of the ABA and IPT Advanced Income Tax Conference in New Orleans

  23. Extras on Excise: U.S. Supreme Court to Decide Whether to Review Loudoun County BPOL Case, Possibly Adding a Second Major State Tax Case to its Docket

  24. New York allows withdrawal of certain combined elections by June 1

  25. Florida updates conformity to IRC; rate reduction possible

  26. New Florida Law Updates State Conformity to IRC, Extends Bonus Depreciation Decoupling, and Includes Contingent Corporate Income Tax Rate Reductions

  27. New Georgia Law Decouples from 2017 Tax Reform Act’s GILTI Provisions

  28. New Idaho Law Generally Updates State Conformity to Federal Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018

  29. Illinois DOR Discusses Recently Enacted Federal Tax Reforms - Specifically State Reporting Requirements Involving the New Foreign Income Deemed Repatriation Transition Tax

  30. New Jersey Tax Court Reaffirms that Tech Company Foreign Source Income that is Not Taxable for Federal Purposes is Not Taxable under CBT

  31. Memo Explains Limited-Time Withdrawal Procedure from Some Commonly Owned Group Elections in New York

  32. Utah New Law Permits Corporations to Pay Tax on IRC Sec 965 Deferred Foreign Income in Installments, Lowers Corporate Tax Rate, and Expands Mandated Single Sales Factor Apportionment

  33. Virginia Supreme Court Holds that Intercompany Royalty Payments Must be Taxed in Another State to Qualify for Subject-to-Tax Addback Exception Once More

  34. New Idaho Law Imposes Remote Seller Click-Through Nexus Provisions

  35. Indiana New Law Provides that Remote Access Software is Not Subject to Tax

  36. Louisiana Trial Court Holds that Online Marketplace Facilitator Must Collect Local Sales and Use Taxes on Third-Party Retailer Online Sales

  37. Arizona Changes Multistate Service Provider Apportionment Rules

  38. Illinois Proposes Addition Adjustment for FDII and GILTI

  39. Alabama Changes Income Tax Filing Thresholds

  40. Oklahoma Caps Personal Itemized Deductions

  41. Florida Enacts Tax Rate Reductions and Modifications

  42. COST: Tennessee Testimony on Federal Tax Reform Conformity

  43. New Hampshire’s Internet Sales Tax Fight Continues

  44. New Wisconsin Law Updates State Conformity to IRC and Couples and Decouples from Various Provisions of the 2017 Federal Tax Reform Act

  45. New Utah Law Revises Certain Single Sales Factor Apportionment Method Provisions

  46. New Ohio Law Updates State Conformity to IRC

  47. New York City Memo Explains Limited-Time Withdrawal Procedure from Some Commonly Owned Group Elections

  48. New Arizona Law Includes Sales from Intangibles in Defining Multistate Service Providers that May Elect Use of Special Sales Factor Sourcing Provisions

  49. Louisiana: Online marketplace provider required to collect sales tax

  50. Legislative Session Review: Wisconsin

  51. Wisconsin Tackles IRC Conformity

  52. Arizona Updates IRC Conformity

  53. Kentucky Governor Vetoes Major Tax Legislation

  54. Corporate Close-Up: Alabama Pass-Through Entity Owners, Rejoice! Why You May be Entitled to a Refund for The 2013 Through 2017 Tax Years

The above represents 'general curating' of state tax developments into one spot. If you still feel overwhelmed by the volume of state tax developments, please consider my 'custom curating' service. Meaning, clients hire LEVERAGE SALT to daily curate state tax developments relating to a specific industry, state(s), tax type and issueYou can make it as granular as you prefer. This allows you to reduce information overload, and only get the information you need to help your clients or company. This service is provided on a fixed-fee or subscription basis. Contact me at strahle@leveragesalt.com.